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Ohio Weed Legality: Is Delta 9 THC, Delta 8 THC, and THCA Legal?

John Carter

Written by: John Carter

Updated on June 2, 2024

Ohio Weed Legality

Is Delta 9 Legal in Ohio?

Delta-9 THC derived from hemp and its products are legal in Ohio, as per Senate Bill 57 passed in 2019. This bill aligns Ohio’s hemp regulations with the federal laws established by the 2018 Farm Bill, which legalized hemp and hemp-derived products containing less than 0.3% Delta-9 THC nationwide.

However, marijuana-derived Delta-9 THC is illegal for recreational use in Ohio. It is only legal for qualified patients under the Ohio Medical Marijuana Control Program (OMMCP), established through House Bill 523 in 2016. This program allows patients with qualifying medical conditions to access marijuana-derived Delta-9 THC products, provided they have a valid physician’s recommendation.

Therefore, hemp-derived Delta-9 THC products are legal in Ohio if they contain less than 0.3% Delta-9 THC, while marijuana-derived Delta-9 THC is restricted to registered patients under the OMMCP.

Can You Buy Delta 9 in Ohio?

Yes, you can buy Delta-9 THC in Ohio if it is derived from hemp and contains no more than 0.3% THC on a dry weight basis. Additionally, marijuana-derived Delta-9 THC products are available for purchase by registered patients in the Ohio Medical Marijuana Control Program.

Is Delta 8 Legal in Ohio?

Delta-8 THC is legal in Ohio, following the federal guidelines set forth in the 2018 Farm Bill and reinforced by Ohio’s SB 57. These regulations specify that hemp-derived products, including Delta-8 THC, are legal as long as the Delta-9 THC content does not exceed 0.3% on a dry weight basis. Ohio law allows the sale, possession, and use of these hemp-derived Delta-8 products without requiring a medical marijuana card, making them accessible to the general adult population.

However, it’s important to note that while hemp-derived Delta-8 is readily available, marijuana-derived Delta-8 products fall under different regulations. These are only legal for individuals who have been approved under the Ohio Medical Marijuana Control Program and possess a valid medical marijuana card. Qualified patients are allowed to purchase a 45-day supply of marijuana-derived Delta-8 THC products, subject to the program’s regulations and the need to verify legal age, which is 21 in Ohio.

Is THCA Legal in Ohio?

THCA is legal in Ohio under specific conditions: it must be derived from hemp and contain less than 0.3% THC. Despite its legality, the potential for THCA to convert to THC introduces complexities, especially given the differing federal and state regulations. Consumers should buy from licensed retailers, and businesses must comply with state regulatory standards to ensure legality and safety. As research progresses and public perception shifts, the legal landscape for THCA in Ohio may continue to change, making it essential to stay informed.

What are the Difference between Delta 9 THC, Delta 8 THC, and THAC?

What is Delta 9 THC?

Delta 9, also known as delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), is a psychoactive substance found in cannabis. Although it has gained popularity for its ability to alleviate stress and anxiety, it is also considered dangerous due to its highly addictive nature and negative impact on health. Delta 9 THC is legal in many states and often used for medicinal purposes, but its consumption can lead to severe side effects. These include hallucinations, delusions, increased heart rate, elevated blood pressure, panic attacks, and feelings of disconnection from reality.

Additionally, Delta 9 THC is associated with addiction, impaired judgment, and decision-making. Long-term use can damage the liver, kidneys, and heart, and increase the risk of strokes and heart attacks. Recognizing signs of addiction and seeking help from professionals is crucial for recovery from Delta 9 addiction.

What is Delta 8 THC?

Delta-8 THC, or delta-8 tetrahydrocannabinol, is another cannabinoid found in cannabis plants, including both marijuana and hemp varieties. It is chemically similar to delta-9 THC, the main psychoactive component of cannabis, but with a slightly different molecular structure. Delta-8 THC has gained attention for its potential therapeutic effects, such as pain relief, anxiety reduction, and nausea suppression.

However, it also produces psychoactive effects and may cause impairment, so caution is advised when using products containing delta-8 THC. Additionally, the legal status of delta-8 THC varies by jurisdiction, so consumers should be aware of local regulations before purchasing or using these products.

What is THCA?

THCA, or tetrahydrocannabinolic acid, is a cannabinoid found in raw and live cannabis plants. It is the acidic precursor to THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and does not induce intoxication when ingested. Chemically, THCA has an additional molecular carboxyl ring that prevents it from binding to the brain’s receptors responsible for producing a high.

However, when exposed to heat through smoking, vaping, dabbing, or cooking, THCA converts into THC, unlocking its psychoactive properties. THCA and THC have overlapping effects, with THCA showing more promise in addressing inflammation and potentially benefiting conditions like seizures. THCA levels in cannabis products indicate potency and potential effects, with higher THCA numbers suggesting greater potency potential.

While THCA itself may not provide psychoactive effects, it contributes to the overall experience of cannabis consumption by converting into THC. Understanding the role of THCA in cannabis products can help consumers make informed decisions about their use and potential benefits.

Key Differences

Understanding the differences between Delta 9 THC, Delta 8 THC, and THCA is crucial for consumers making informed decisions about cannabis products. Each compound has unique properties, legal statuses, and potential health impacts.

  • Delta 9 THC is highly psychoactive and associated with significant health risks and addiction potential. It is used both medically and recreationally where legal.
  • Delta 8 THC is less psychoactive than Delta 9 but still produces mild impairment. It is often sought for its potential therapeutic benefits with fewer side effects.
  • THCA is non-psychoactive in its raw form and converts to THC when heated. It shows promise for anti-inflammatory and seizure-related benefits without the immediate psychoactive effects.
Feature Delta 9 THC Delta 8 THC THCA
Psychoactivity High Moderate None (in raw form)
Legal Status Legal in some states Varies by jurisdiction Legal if derived from hemp and <0.3% THC
Medical Use Stress, anxiety relief, pain relief Pain relief, anxiety reduction, nausea suppression Anti-inflammatory, seizure control
Potential Side Effects Hallucinations, addiction, organ damage Mild impairment, caution advised Converts to THC when heated, non-psychoactive in raw form
Conversion Already psychoactive Already psychoactive Converts to THC when heated

Legal Disclaimer

The content provided on this website is for general informational purposes only and is not intended to serve as legal advice or as a definitive statement of the law. While we strive to maintain accurate and up-to-date information, the legal status of the topics discussed can vary by state and may change over time. Consequently, the information provided here may not reflect the most current legal developments. We do not encourage or discourage the purchase of any products based on the information presented. Before making any decisions related to legal matters, we strongly advise consulting with a qualified attorney in your jurisdiction to obtain advice tailored to your specific circumstances.

John Carter
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Further Reading
Map of Recreational Weed Legality by States


Map of Recreational Weed Legality by States – Updated May 2024

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Florida Weed Legality


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Georgia Weed Legality


Georgia Weed Legality: Is Delta 9 THC, Delta 8 THC, and THCA Legal?

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Tennessee Weed Legality


Tennessee Weed Legality: Is Delta 9 THC, Delta 8 THC, and THCA Legal?

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Indiana Weed Legality


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Wisconsin Weed Legality


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Iowa Weed Legality


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